ADVISORY Preventive Measures for Swine Flu
These are Universal Precaution measures for
any airborne respiratory infections.
1. Stay home if you are sick
2. Wash your hands frequently with soap and water
3. Avoid touching your nose, mouth and eyes.
4. Cover your cough and sneezes with a tissue or cough into your upper
5. Cover your Nose/Mouth if anyone around is coughing/sneezing.
6. Avoid shaking hands and always wash your hands after physical contact
7. Keep frequently touched surfaces clean (telephone, desks, office
8. Limit unnecessary visitors.
9. Maintain a healthy lifestyle; attention to rest, diet, exercise
and relaxation helps maintain good physical and emotional heath.
10. Avoid crowded places where risk of transmission of any airborne
infection is high.
11. Avoid unnecessary travel to Swine Flu affected International /
12. If travel to Swine Flu High Risk areas required, use a Face Mask
( N-95 WHO approved for Swine Flu)
13. If one has Flu like symptoms and suspect that there has been contact
with Swine Flu patient, then contact the Company Doctors in Mumbai
14. Fore more Information on Swine Flu, log on to the Ministry of
Health, Govt.of India site: http://mohfw.nic.in/SWINEFLU.htm. Information
about Nodal Centres all over the country is available on this Site.
Swine influenza (swine flu) refers to influenza caused by any virus
of the family Orthomyxoviridae, that is endemic to pig (swine) populations.
Strains endemic in swine are called swine influenza virus (SIV). People
who work with poultry and swine, especially people with intense exposures,
are at risk of infection from these animals if the animals carry a
strain that is also able to infect humans. SIV can mutate into a form
that allows it to pass from human to human. The strain responsible
for the 2009 swine flu outbreak is believed to have undergone this
In humans, the symptoms of swine flu are similar to those of influenza
and of influenza such as fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache,
chills and fatigue. A few patients have also reported diarrhea and
Influenza is thought to spread mainly person-to-person through coughing
or sneezing of infected people. The Virus has an incubation period
of seven days. Swine flu cannot be spread by pork products, since
the virus is not transmitted through food. The swine flu in humans
is most contagious during the first five days of the illness although
some people, most commonly children, can remain contagious for up
to ten days.
A diagnosis of confirmed swine flu can be confirmed by laboratory
testing of a respiratory sample (a simple nose and throat swab).
On present evidence, the overwhelming majority of patients experience
mild symptoms and make a rapid and full recovery, often in the absence
of any form of medical treatment.
For the current outbreak, it is recommended patients be treated with
Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and Zanamivir (Relenza) to avoid drug resistance.
If a person gets sick, antiviral drugs can make the illness milder
and make the patient feel better faster. They may also prevent serious
complications. For treatment, antiviral drugs work best if started
soon after getting sick (within 2 days of symptoms).
Presently No vaccine is available for use in the current outbreak.
Standard personal precautions against influenza include frequent washing
of hands with soap and water or with alcohol-based hand sanitizers,
especially after being out in-public. People should avoid touching
their mouth, nose or eyes with their hands unless they've washed their
hands. If people do cough, they should either cough into a tissue
and throw it in the garbage immediately, cough into their elbow, or,
if they cough in their hand, they should wash their hands immediately.
Influenza spreads mainly person-to-person through coughing or sneezing
of infected people. It is recommended that sick persons stay home
away from work and limit contact with others to keep from infecting